Policies are an integral part when writing business logic in Strolch. In many cases it would suffice to write all such logic in Services and Commands, but as soon as behaviour can change, depending on the element being accessed, then this would quickly lead to many if/else blocks.

Since writing large if/else blocks is not maintanable in the long run, Strolch offers a different approach. All Strolch elements can store Policy definitions. This is a simple key/value store where the key defines the type of policy, and the value references the policy to use.

Currently there are two ways to reference a policy in Strolch, either via a key which defines a further lookup in the PolicyHandler, or directly as the name of the class to instantiate.

Using policies in Strolch gives the additional possibility of easily changing the behaviour at runtime, as a Service and/or Command would delegate the behaviour to the currently configured policy on the releveant element.

Policies are implemented by defining an abstract class and extends StrolchPolicy. This abstract class then defines the API of the actual policy. A concrete class then extends this abstract class and implements the concrete methods.

Policies are registered on Resources, Orders, Activities and Actions. The following shows defining two policies on a Resource, a PlanningPolicy, an ExecutionPolicy in XML:

<Resource Id="myResource" Name="My Resource" Type="MyType">
    <Policy Type="PlanningPolicy" Value="key:SimplePlanning" />
    <Policy Type="ExecutionPolicy" Value="java:li.strolch.policytest.TestSimulatedExecutionPolicy" />

Note how the PlanningPolicy has a value of key:SimplePlanning and the ExecutionPolicy defines a reference to an actual class.

To use the PolicyHandler, it must be configured in the StrolchConfiguration.xml as follows:

    <env id="dev">

And this policy handler implementation requires a file where the lookups for the policies is defined, e.g.:

    <PolicyType Type="PlanningPolicy" Api="li.strolch.policytest.TestPlanningPolicy">
        <Policy Key="SimplePlanning" Class="li.strolch.policytest.TestSimplePlanningPolicy"/>
    <PolicyType Type="ExecutionPolicy" Api="li.strolch.execution.policy.ExecutionPolicy">
        <Policy Key="SimulatedExecution" Class="li.strolch.execution.policy.RandomDurationExecution"/>
    <PolicyType Type="ConfirmationPolicy" Api="li.strolch.policytest.TestConfirmationPolicy">
        <Policy Key="NoConfirmation" Class="li.strolch.policytest.TestNoConfirmationPolicy"/>

Now at runtime we can access the policies:

public class MyService extends AbstractService<ServiceArgument, ServiceResult> {
	protected ServiceResult internalDoService(ServiceArgument arg) throws Exception {
		try (StrolchTransaction tx = openArgOrUserTx(arg)) {
			Resource res = tx.getResourceBy("MyType", "myTestResource");

			PlanningPolicy planningPolicy = tx.getPolicy(res, PlanningPolicy.class);

			ExecutionPolicy executionPolicy = tx.getPolicy(res, ExecutionPolicy.class);


		return ServiceResult.success();